Ashford University Human Disease Drug Exam Questions

Ashford University Human Disease Drug Exam Questions.

Question Description

Question 1

  1. For the following, match the appropriate drug or drug class to its correct action. Choose the best answer for each.
    ACE inhibitor
    Alpha-beta blocker
    Calcium channel blocker
    Sodium channel blocker
    Statin drugs
    Bile acid sequestrants
    A. relaxes the smooth muscle around airways, causing the openings to enlarge
    B. slows the heart rate and reduces cell excitability by inhibiting sodium movement through the cell
    C. cholesterol lowering drugs that bind cholesterol containing bile acids and removes them via bowel movements
    D. similar to natural cortisol that prevents or limits inflammation
    E. causes vasodilation and decreased blood pressure by opposing the excitatory effects of norepinephrine
    F. lowers blood pressure
    G. known as calcium-modifying drugs that prevent calcium loss in the bones and increases bone density
    H. is a vasodilator
    I. a skeletal muscle relaxant
    J. relaxes blood vessels and reduces the workload of the heart by slowing the movement of calcium into the heart cells
    K. class of drugs used to lower LDL levels and triglycerides

3.338 points

Question 2

  1. Matching: Match the appropriate laboratory finding with its possible disease, pathology or condition.
    Elevated LDL levels
    Elevated Creatine Kinase (CK)
    Elevated Total Cholesterol
    Elevated C-Reactive protein
    Elevated ESR
    Abnormal electromyelography (EMG) study
    A. indication of myocardial infarction
    B. will identify site of neuronal lesions
    C. non-specific indiction for ongoing disease
    D. RA, inflammation of body tissues
    E. diabetes mellitus, renal failure
    F. atherosclerosis, congestive heart failure

3.338 points

Question 3

  1. It is the legal responsibility of the health care provider when encountering battered spouse syndrome
    A. to only become involved if it is within scope of practice.
    B. responsibility may from facility to facility.
    C. responsibility varies by state but needs to be known and followed.
    D. all of the above.

3.338 points

Question 4

  1. Short answer: For each of the following drug/drug class provide 2 possible side effects or adverse reactions that may been seen with each medication:



    Anti-platelet drugs

    Statin drugs

    Potassium channel blockers

    Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs (DMARDs)

    Mobic & Celebrex (Cox-2 inhibitors)

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3.338 points

Question 5

  1. The treatment of sinusitis may include
    A. antibiotics.
    B. corticosteroids.
    C. decongestants.
    D. All listed treatment are correct.

3.333 points

Question 6

  1. Injury to a vessel or predisposition to clot formation increases the risk of
    A. pulmonary embolism.
    B. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
    C. emphysema.
    D. All of the condition listed are correct.

3.333 points

Question 7

  1. Emboli may result in
    A. cerebral vascular accident (CVA).
    B. MI.
    C. pulmonary venous obstruction.
    D. All are possible outcomes of emboli.

3.333 points

Question 8

  1. Fluid shift into the extravascular spaces in bilateral lower extremities is often indicative of
    pulmonary edema.
    angina pectoris.

3.333 points

Question 9

  1. Permanent, irreversible dilation of alveoli, resulting in inability to remove air passively from the thorax cavity, describes
    A. emphysema.
    B. bronchiectasis.
    C. pneumoconiosis.
    D. pneumothorax.

3.333 points

Question 10

  1. When a bone moves away from the joint in which it is normally attached, resulting in loss of normal movement at that joint, is called a:
    A. fracture.
    B. separation.
    C. dislocation.
    D. dorsiflexion.

3.333 points

Question 11

  1. When a muscle or tendon is overworked by overuse, overstretching, or forcible stretching it results in a tearing of the tissue called.
    A. Avulsion
    B. Sprain
    C. Shin splints
    D. Strain

3.333 points

Question 12

  1. The soft-tissue injury that occurs when the skin is cut leaving a jagged wound is a(n)
    A. laceration.
    B. avulsion.
    C. incision.
    D. abrasion.

3.333 points

Question 13

  1. Which statement is true about osteomalacia?
    A. Osteomalacia can be caused excessive exposure to UV light.
    B. In children, osteomalacia is called rickets.
    C. The treatment involves taking vitamin B.
    D. All the statements listed are true.

3.333 points

Question 14

  1. A lateral curvature of the spine is known as
    A. kyphosis.
    B. lordosis.
    C. lumbago.
    D. scoliosis.

3.333 points

Question 15

  1. The rule of nines is used to calculate
    A. the degree of cardiac or respiratory failure.The rule of nines is for approximating how of the body’s surface was burned.
    B. the percentage of body surface affected by burns.
    C. the source of thermal trauma.
    D. All listed statements are correct.

3.333 points

Question 16

  1. The condition where fat-containing substances are deposited in the blood vessels surrounding the heart causing a decrease in blood flow to the heart is
    A. congestive heart failure (CHF).
    B. cerebral artery disease.
    C. ischemia.
    D. coronary artery disease (CAD).

3.333 points

Question 17

  1. A vitamin D deficiency can cause the abnormal metabolic disease causing softening of the bone called
    A. osteoporosis.
    B. osteogenesis imperfecta.
    C. osteomalacia.
    D. osteoclasis.

3.333 points

Question 18

  1. Which of the following is a chronic, progressive, disease of bones and joints caused by degenerative changes in the cartilage?
    A. chondromalacia.
    B. osteochondroma.
    C. osteoarthritis.
    D. rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

3.333 points

Question 19

  1. Causes of atelectasis, a loss of air inside the pulmonary tissue or lung collapse, may result from
    A. a “sucking wound” in the thorax.
    B. extended times of inactivity.
    C. failure to breathe deeply after general anesthesia.
    D. All statements are correct.

3.333 points

Question 20

  1. The condition in which the patient experiences chest pain with exertion may be associate with
    A. angina pectoris.
    B. CAD.
    C. MI.
    D. All of the conditions listed are correct.

3.333 points

Question 21

  1. Which of the following are consistent with physical patterns associated with child abuse:
    A. bruising and multiple fractures in different phases of healing.
    B. observable injuries such as teeth marks.
    C. welts and burns.
    D. all of the above.

3.333 points

Question 22

  1. A burn that involves destruction involving all layers of the skin is termed
    A. superficial.
    B. partial thickness.
    C. full thickness.
    D. radiation.

3.333 points

Question 23

  1. Which of the following statements is/are true about osteoporosis?
    A. Osteoporosis rarely causes irreversible disability.
    B. Osteoporosis is often undetected until a bone breaks.
    C. Diagnostic data available to confirm osteoporosis is limited.
    D. All of the given statements are true.

3.333 points

Question 24

  1. In electrical shock, the current
    A. follows the path of least resistance.
    B. will generally burn the entry and exit points.
    C. can travel between people or objects that are contacted.
    D. All the statements are correct.

3.333 points

Question 25

  1. Which of the following statement(s) about fibromyalgia is/are true? Ashford University Human Disease Drug Exam Questions


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