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# Johns Hopkins University Statistics Problem Set

Johns Hopkins University Statistics Problem Set.

### Question Description

The questions are in the pdf file.

1. A sample of 10 employees in the graphics department of Design, Inc. is selected. The
employees’ ages are given as follows:
34 35 39 24 62 40 18 35 28 35
Compute the interquartile range of ages.
a. 1
b. 11
c. 42
d. 44
e. None of these responses
2. The average grades of a sample of 8 statistics students and the number of absences they had
during the semester are given as follows:
1 1 94
2 2 78
3 2 70
4 1 88
5 3 68
6 4 40
7 8 30
8 3 60
Compute the sample covariance.
a. -0.915
b. 2.268
c. 22.168
d. -46
e. None of these responses
Answer questions 3 and 4 based on the following.
(GMAT) indicated that students who have spent at least five hours studying GMAT review
guides have a probability of 0.85 of scoring above 400. Students who do not review in this way
have a probability of 0.65 of scoring above 400. It has been determined that 70% of the business
students review for the test.
3. Compute the probability of scoring above 400.
a. 0.12
b. 0.20
c. 0.55
d. 0.79
e. 1.50
4. Given that a student scored above 400, what is the probability that he/she reviewed for the
test?
a. 0.15
b. 0.27
c. 0.60
d. 0.75
e. 0.85
5. The student body of a large university consists of 60% female students. A random sample of 8
students is selected. What is the probability that among the students in the sample at least 6
are male?
a. 0.0413
b. 0.0079
c. 0.0007
d. 0.0499
6. In a large class, suppose that your instructor tells you that you need to obtain a grade in the top
10% of your class to get an A on Exam X. From past experience, your instructor is able to
say that the mean and standard deviation on Exam X will be 72 and 13, respectively, and that
grades are distributed normally. What will be the minimum grade needed to obtain an A?
a. 88.64
b. 55.36
c. 73.28
d. 75.32
7. The travel time for a businesswoman traveling between Dallas and Fort Worth is uniformly
distributed between 40 and 90 minutes. The probability that her trip will take exactly 50
minutes is
a. 1.00
b. 0.02
c. 0.06
d. 0.20
e. 0.00
8. Consider the below population of percent tips. Would the sampling distribution of x̅ for n =
35 consist of the data point 17.09%, gotten by adding up the first seven columns of percent
tips and dividing by 35?
15 20 16 16 16 15 20 18 10 20
17 18 19 20 20 15 20 19 20 15
17 15 20 19 17 20 17 20 18 15
10 17 20 20 18 15 15 19 15 16
11 20 15 18 20 17 10 20 15 20
a. Yes
b. No
9. Refer to Question 8. Can we say that the sampling distribution of x̅ for n = 35 is distributed
normally?
a. Yes
b. No
10. Refer to Question 8. Compute the expected value of x̅ (E(x̅)) associated with the sampling
distribution of x̅ for n = 35.
a. 16.40%
b. 17.09%
c. 17.16%
d. 20.00%
e. It is not possible to compute E(x̅)
11. A local health care facility noted that in a sample of 200 patients, 180 were referred to them
by the local hospital. Provide a 99% confidence interval for all the patients who are referred
to this facility by the hospital.
a. 0.9 ± 0.013*0.021
b. 0.9 ± 2.575*0.021
c. 0.9 ± 2.601*0.021
d. 0.9 ± 2.601*0.00045
e. 0.9 ± 2.575*0.00045
Answer questions 12 – 15 based on the following.
A supermarket wants to test whether the mean weight of the cans of peas sold by a particular
maker equals 24 oz. It chooses a random sample of 16 cans and finds that the sample mean is
23.3 oz and the sample standard deviation is 0.4 oz. Your job is to test, at the 5% level of
significance, whether or not the mean weight equals 24 oz.
12. What are the null and alternative hypotheses?
a. Ho: µ = 24, Ha: µ ≠ 24
b. Ho: µ ≤ 24, Ha: µ > 24
c. Ho: µ ≥ 24, Ha: µ < 24
d. Ho: µ = 23.3, Ha: µ ≠ 23.3
13. Compute the p-value. When computing two-tailed p-values, remember to use the 2p
approach!
a. 0.00000214
b. 0.0503
c. 0.00000428
d. 0.1006
e. 0.2012
a. Reject the null hypothesis at the 5% level
b. Fail to reject the null hypothesis at the 5% level
c. Reject the null hypothesis at the 2.5% level
d. Fail to reject the null hypothesis at the 2.5% level
e. None of these responses
15. Compute the power of the test when µ = 24.1.
a. 0.0037
b. 0.1480
c. 0.8520
d. 0.8557
e. 0.9963
Answer questions 16 – 17 based on the following.
A statistics teacher wants to see if there is any difference in the abilities of students enrolled in
statistics today and those enrolled five years ago. A sample of final examination scores from
students enrolled today and from students enrolled five years ago was taken. You are given the
following information:
Today Five Years Ago
x̅ 82 88
σ
2
112.5 54
n 45 36
16. The 95% confidence interval for the difference between the two population means (Today –
Five Years Ago) is
a. -9.92 to -2.08
b. -3.08 to 3.92
c. -13.84 to -1.16
d. -24.77 to 12.23
e. 2.08 to 9.92
17. The statistics teacher wishes to test, using a two-tailed approach, the hypothesis of no
difference between the population mean scores using a 5% level of significance. The p-value
associated with this test is: When computing two-tailed p-values, remember to use the 2p
approach!
a. 0.0013
b. 0.0026
c. 0.4987
d. 0.9987
18. A sample of 20 cans of tomato juice showed a standard deviation of 0.4 ounces. A 95%
confidence interval estimate for the variance of the population is
a. 0.2313 to 0.8533
b. 0.2224 to 0.7924
c. 0.0889 to 0.3169
d. 0.0925 to 0.3413
Answer questions 19 – 20 based on the following.
The standard deviation of the ages of a sample of 16 executives from northern states was 8.2
years, while the standard deviation of the ages of a sample of 25 executives from southern states
was 12.8 years. At α = 0.10, test to see if there is any difference in the standard deviations of the
ages of all northern and southern executives.
19. Compute the p-value associated with this test. When computing two-tailed p-values, remember
to use the 2p approach!
a. 0.0498
b. 0.0772
c. 0.1873
d. 0.3746
20. What is the probability of rejecting the null hypothesis when it is true?
a. 1%
b. 5%
c. 10%
d. None of these responses
Answer questions 21 – 23 based on the following.
Among 1,000 managers with degrees in business administration, the following data have been
accumulated as to their fields of concentration:
Position in Management
Major Top Management Middle Management
Management 300 200
Marketing 200 0
Accounting 100 200
Test, using α = 0.01, to determine if their position in management is independent of their major.
21. What is your test statistic?
a. -0.11
b. 25,600
c. 222.22
d. 14.91
22. Compute the critical value.
a. 0.02
b. 0.00
c. 4.61
d. 9.21
e. 16.81
a. Reject the null at the 1% level
b. Fail to reject the null at the 1% level
c. Reject the null at the 0.5% level
d. Fail to reject the null at the 0.5% level
Answer questions 24 – 26 based on the following.
In order to compare the life expectancies of three different brands of printers, 8 printers of each
brand were randomly selected. Information regarding the 3 brands is shown below.
Brand A Brand B Brand C
Average Life (Months) 62 52 60
Sample Variance 36 25 49
At the 5% level of significance, test to see whether the mean life is the same across these brands.
24. Compute the p-value associated with your test statistic. When computing two-tailed p-values,
remember to use the 2p approach!
a. 0.0081
b. 0.0162
c. 0.0213
d. 0.0426
e. 0.1499
25. Compute Fisher’s LSD using Bonferroni’s adjusted α (set αEW = 0.05).
a. 5.211
b. 6.298
c. 7.848
d. 23.790
e. 51.244
26. Fisher’s LSD procedure suggests that µA __ µB, µB __ µC, and µA __ µC.
a. >, >, >
b. <, <, <
c. =, =, =
d. >, <, =
e. <, >, =

Johns Hopkins University Statistics Problem Set

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